Missouri Election Information

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Upcoming Elections in Your State

2014 Primary Election: August 5, 2014

2014 General Election: November 4, 2014

For more information, visit the Missouri Secretary of State website.

Other Important Election Information

On Election Day: 6 a.m. - 7 p.m.  Those individuals in line by 7 p.m. will be allowed to vote.

Early Voting: Registered voters who expect to be prevented from going to their polling place on Election Day may vote absentee beginning six weeks prior to the election in the office of the local election authority until 5:00 p.m. the night before the election.  See Early Voting and Absentee Ballot below for requirements.

Check the Missouri Sectretary of State's Voter Information Lookup website.

Contact your County Election Official.

Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE!

REGISTER TO VOTE HERE

Registration Deadlines

2014 Primary Election: July 9, 2014

2014 General Election: October 8, 2014

How to Check if You Are Registered

Check the Missouri Sectretary of State's Voter Information Lookup website.

Contact your County Election Official.

Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE!

How to Register

Voter registration applications may be submitted by mail or in person.  For additional information, please contact your local election authority.

By Mail

Individuals may complete a voter registration application online, but all applications must be mailed to the appropriate election official or delivered in person.  If you choose to complete the application online, you will be provided with instructions on how to mail in your application and a mailing address for the appropriate election official.  The Missouri Secretary of State website also provides a form for requesting that a registration application be mailed to you.

In-Person

You may also register to vote at your local election authority's office, the DMV, and other state agencies.

Registration Eligibility

In Missouri, you must satisfy these requirements to be eligible to register:

  • 17 ½ years of age to register, 18 years of age to vote;
  • US Citizen; and
  • Missouri resident.

Identification Required for Registration

If you register in person, you must present one of the following:

  • A copy of a birth certificate;
  • Native American tribal document;
  • Other proof of United States citizenship;
  • A valid Missouridrivers license; or
  • Other form of personal identification.

If you have not previously voted in Missouri and you register to vote by mail, you are asked to send in a copy of one of the following with your voter registration application (this is marked as optional on the voter registration form):

  • Birth Certificate;
  • Native American tribal document;
  • Other proof ofUnited States citizenship;
  • Current or valid photo ID;
  • Current utility bill, bank statement, government check, or paycheck; or
  • Other government document that shows your name and address.

If You Want to Vote Early

Registered voters who expect to be prevented from going to their polling place on Election Day may vote absentee beginning six weeks prior to the election in the office of the local election authority until 5:00 p.m. the night before the election. See Absentee Voting requirements below.

If You Want to Vote Absentee

Registered Missourians who expect to be prevented from going to their polling place on Election Day may vote absentee beginning six weeks prior to an election.

Absentee voters must provide one of the following reasons for voting absentee:

  • Absence on Election Day from the jurisdiction of the election authority in which such voter is registered to vote;
  • Incapacity or confinement due to illness or physical disability, including a person who is primarily responsible for the physical care of a person who is incapacitated or confined due to illness or disability;
  • Religious belief or practice;
  • Employment as an election authority, as a member of an election authority, or by an election authority at a location other than such voter's polling place; or
  • Incarceration provided all qualifications for voting are retained.

Voters can request absentee ballots from their local election authority in person or by fax.  Faxed absentee ballot requests should be submitted to the appropriate local election authority.  Relatives within the second degree (spouse, parents and children) may complete an absentee ballot application, in person, on behalf of the voter who wishes to vote absentee.  DO NOT SEND ABSENTEE BALLOT APPLICATIONS TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE'S OFFICE.  Absentee ballot applications must be sent to the appropriate local election authority by the deadline in order to be valid.

Find Local Election Authority Contact Information

Request for Missouri Absentee Ballot

Mailed in or faxed absentee ballot requests must be received by the election authority no later than the 5:00 p.m. on the Wednesday prior to any election.  Voters can vote in person by absentee ballot in the office of the local election authority until 5:00 p.m. the night before the election.  Please check with your local election authority for the locations, dates and times when in person absentee voting will be offered in your jurisdiction.

Voters requesting an absentee ballot by mail who have registered by mail and have not voted in person are required to submit a copy of their personal identification unless they provided a copy with their registration application.  Examples of acceptable identification are:

  • Identification issued by the state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority of the state;
  • Identification issued by the United States government or agency thereof;
  • Identification issued by an institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school, located within the state of Missouri;
  • A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter;
  • Driver’s license or state identification card issued by another state; or
  • Other identification approved by the secretary of state under rules promulgated pursuant to subsection 3 of this section other identification approved by federal law.

This identification requirement, as well as the notary requirement for absentee ballots that are submitted by mail, does not apply to overseas voters, those on active military duty or members of their immediate family living with them or voters who are permanently disabled and their caregivers. 

Procedures for Voting by Absentee Ballot

Voters who meet the absentee ballot requirements may vote their absentee by mail or in person.

In Person

Voters may vote via absentee ballot in person in their local election authority’s office until 5:00 PM the night before the election.  Please contact your local election authority to confirm the location, dates and times when in person absentee voting is offered in your jurisdiction.

By Mail

You may choose to return your voted absentee ballot to the local election authority by mail.  Please note that all ballots returned by mail must be signed and notarized and must be received by the local election authority by no later than the close of the polls on Election Day. 

Please note that the notary requirement for absentee ballots does not apply to overseas voters, those on active military duty or members of their immediate family living with them or voters who are permanently disabled and their caregivers.  Additional deadlines apply for the submission of absentee ballots by Military and Overseas voters.  If you are a Military or Overseas voter, please see the Missouri Secretary of State’s Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal and the Federal Voting Assistance Program's Military and Overseas Voting Page for Missouri for additional information.

Emergency Absentee Voting

If, after 5:00 p.m. on the Wednesday before an election, a voter within the jurisdiction of the local election authority has become hospitalized, becomes confined due to illness or injury, or is confined in an adult boarding facility, intermediate care facility, residential care facility, or skilled nursing facility, the election authority may in certain circumstances appoint a team to assist the voter in applying for and voting an absentee ballot.  In the event of such an emergency, you or someone acting on your behalf, should contact your local election authority’s office for additional information and assistance.

Identification Requirements to Register to Vote

As discussed above, individuals who register in person must present one of the following forms of identification:

  • A copy of a birth certificate;
  • Native American tribal document;
  • Other proof of United States citizenship;
  • A valid Missouri driver’s license; or
  • Other form of personal identification.

If you have not previously voted in Missouri and you register to vote by mail, you should present one of the following forms of identification:

  • Birth Certificate;
  • Native American tribal document;
  • Other proof of United States citizenship;
  • Current or valid photo ID;
  • Current utility bill, bank statement, government check, or paycheck; or
  • Other government document that shows your name and address.

Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot

In most cases, voters must present an acceptable form of ID in order to cast a ballot. The following types of identification will be accepted:

  • Identification issued by the state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority of the state;
  • Identification issued by the United States government or agency thereof;
  • Identification issued by an institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school, located within the state of Missouri;
  • A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter; or
  • A current Driver's license or state identification card issued by another state.

If a voter does not possess a valid form of identification, he or she will be permitted to cast a regular ballot if two supervising election judges, one from each major political party, are able to attest to the voter’s identity.

Moving Within the Same County

If you have moved to a different address within the same county, you are permitted to change your registration address on Election Day at your new polling place or the central polling location.  It is recommended that you contact your local election authority with any address changes prior to Election Day in order to determine your assigned polling place.

In order to change your address if you move outside the boundaries of the election jurisdiction in which you were previously registered, you will need to fill out a new voter registration application.

Moving Before and After the Registration Deadline

If you moved before the deadline to register for an election, you must complete your new registration prior to the registration deadline in order to be eligible to vote a full ballot in your new jurisdiction.  If you moved after the registration deadline, you will be entitled to vote a limited ballot, containing only federal and statewide candidates and issues once you submit a completed voter registration application in person with the local election authority.  People moving from one election jurisdiction to another prior to the registration deadline who fail to register to vote by the registration deadline will not be able to vote in that particular election.

If you moved to Missouri after the deadline to register for a presidential election, you are entitled to register and vote only a presidential and vice presidential ballot in your new jurisdiction.

In order to change your name in the voter registration lists, you need to contact the election authority before the election or an election judge at your polling place and notify them of the change.  The election authority will enter the change on the record and issue new voter identification cards.  Voters are allowed to vote at one election under the old name without changing their voter registration after notifying the election judges of the name change.

In order to find out how you can update your registration to vote because of a change of name or change of address, visit the Missouri Secretary of State’s register to vote page.

With certain exceptions applicable to military and overseas voters that are discussed below, Missouri voters must generally be registered to vote by October 8, 2014 and must submit a request for an absentee ballot to their local election authority by no later than 5:00 p.m. on the Wednesday prior to the election (i.e., by 5:00 p.m. on October 29, 2014 to vote in the November 4, 2014 election). 

If you are unsure if you are registered to vote, you may check your registration status by using the voter registration look up tool on the Missouri Secretary of State’s website.  If you are not registered to vote, you can register and request your absentee ballot at the same time by:

You may submit your Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) by mail, email or fax to your local election official.  You may also use the Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal on the Missouri Secretary of State’s website to register to vote and request ballots.  If you provide your email address on the FPCA, it is considered a request for electronic delivery of a ballot for all elections through December 31 of the year following the year you submit it, although you can request a shorter amount of time.  If you do not provide your email address on the FPCA, it is considered a request for absentee ballots for one Federal election cycle.  You should submit a new FPCA every time your address changes or every year.

Starting on July 1, 2014, Missouri military and overseas voters may use the declaration accompanying a Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot to apply to register to vote simultaneously with the submission of the voted FWAB.  However, the completed FWAB and declaration must be received by the local election authority by no later than 5:00 p.m. on the fourth Tuesday prior to the election.  If the declaration is received after that date, it is treated as an application to register to vote for subsequent elections.  Please see the Federal Voting Assistance Program's Military and Overseas Voting Page for Missouri and/or the Missouri Secretary of State’s Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal for additional information.

Obtaining an Absentee Ballot if you are Already Registered to Vote

If you are a military or overseas voter and are currently registered to vote, you may request an absentee ballot by submitting your FPCA by mail, email, fax or you may use the Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal on the Missouri Secretary of State’s website.

Alternatively, your spouse, parent, mother-in-law, father-in-law, grandparent, sibling, child, daughter-in-law, son-in-law or grandchild may apply for an absentee ballot on your behalf in-person at the county election official’s office for your county of residence.  The request must include your name, address where you are registered, reason for voting absentee, the address where the ballot should be mailed and your email address if you request electronic transmission of your ballot.  You will need to make sure that your relative sends you the absentee ballot in time for you to be able to mark and return your ballot by the applicable deadline.

A military or overseas voter may also use the declaration accompanying a Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (FWAB) as an application for a Missouri issued military-overseas ballot simultaneously with the submission of the voted Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot.  However, the FWAB and declaration must be received by the appropriate local election authority by 5:00 p.m. on the Wednesday immediately prior to the election.

Returning your Voted State Absentee Ballot and/or Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot

Generally, Missouri military and overseas voters are required to return their voted absentee ballots to their local election authority by mail.  Military and overseas ballots returned by mail for the November 4, 2014 election must be received before the close of the polls on Election Day, or alternatively, the ballot must be submitted for mailing, or other authorized means of delivery, by no later than 12:01 a.m. at the place where the voter completes the ballot, on the date of the election.  A valid military-overseas absentee ballot will be counted if it is received be the military or overseas voter’s local election official by noon on the Friday after the election (i.e., by noon on November 7, 2014 for the November 4, 2014 election).  Members of the military who are located in a combat zone, hostile fire or imminent danger area, as defined by the Missouri Secretary of State for the November 2014 election here, may return their voted ballot by mail, email, fax or by using the Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal.  Please see the Missouri Secretary of State’s Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal and the Federal Voting Assistance Program's Military and Overseas Voting Page for Missouri for additional information and instructions.

You may track the status of your absentee ballot by using the Missouri Secretary of State’s Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal.  You can confirm that your ballot was received by your local election authority by contacting the Missouri Secretary of State’s office at elections@sos.mo.gov or (866) 868-3245.

Please note that if you receive the State absentee ballot after you have submitted a voted Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot to your local election authority, you must also vote and return the State ballot.  If both ballots are received by the absentee ballot submission deadline, only the State ballot will be counted.  Please see the Federal Voting Assistance Program's Military and Overseas Voting Page for Missouri and the Missouri Secretary of State’s Military and Overseas Voting Access Portal for additional information and instructions.   

In order to vote in Missouri, a person must be registered to vote in the jurisdiction of the person's domicile prior to the election and the person:

  • Cannot be imprisoned;
  • Cannot be on probation or parole after conviction of a felony;
  • Cannot have been convicted of a felony or misdemeanor connected to voting; and
  • Cannot have been declared incapacitated by a Court.

If you have been convicted of a felony, you may not vote until the completion of sentencing  and probation or parole.  At that time, you can register to vote with your local election authority and be eligible to vote in elections.

Individuals who have been convicted of an election offense, whether a felony or misdemeanor, are not allowed to vote.

Individuals who have been declared incapacitated by a Court are not eligible to vote unless the Court’s order has been rescinded or overturned. 

For more information, visit the Missouri Secretary of State website.

FAQ

Electionary

Top Issues

For more information for voters with mental disabilities, visit The Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law and National Disability Rights Network’s document: Voting Rights Guide for People with Mental Disabilities.”

For more information for student voters, visit the Missouri Student Voting Guide from the Brennan Center for Justice.

Information provided by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights


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