Alabama Elections

Get all the info you need

Your State

Voting Rights


Texas bill: A step towards better voter ID education, greater transparency
04/24/17 |
Publication Date: 
Monday, April 24, 2017 - 12:00

The state has a responsibility to educate the public about voter identification requirements under SB 14, the voter ID law passed by the Texas Legislature in 2011. In July 2016, the state was also ordered by a federal court to engage in a $2.5 million voter ID education campaign as part of an interim remedy agreement. Despite evidence that the 2016 voter ID education campaign was not entirely successful, the state has not been forthcoming with details about the plan.

HB 3328 seeks to increase government transparency in the interest of improving voter ID education efforts by making information related to public spending on voter ID education public information subject to disclosure under the Public Information Act. The exceptions described in Sections 552.101 and 552.103 of the Government Code would no longer apply to such information.

Recent rulings that Texas' voting laws discriminate put pressure on the state, but the road ahead is long
04/24/17 |
Publication Date: 
Monday, April 24, 2017 - 01:00

Lawmakers are trying to pass a bill to address the discriminatory issues found with the voter ID law. But Democrats say it falls short of meeting the standards that a district court set last year.

Plaintiffs want District Judge Nelva Gonzales Ramos of Corpus Christi to consider throwing out the law after the legislative session and returning the state to the federal government's "pre-clearance" list.

But even if that happened, the Texas attorney general's office would almost certainly challenge the decision in the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. ...

The parties in the [redistricting] case are set to meet in San Antonio on Thursday. The three-judge panel will hear updates on whether a trial is needed and what a timeline for the rest of the case might look like.

But the panel has moved slowly and methodically throughout the case for over six years. It is unlikely to grant the plaintiffs' requests — for new congressional maps for the 2018 elections and federal oversight — before tackling other remaining issues, such as whether the 2013 interim maps were also discriminatory.

And even if the court sided with the plaintiffs in a trial and struck down the maps, Texas could appeal the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court — dragging out the case even longer.

More Info About Your Candidates

Here is what your ballot will cover on Election Day.

Get informed and prepared to make your voice heard.

Review national and local voter guides on PollVault to get more informed.

Alabama Election Info

Upcoming Elections in Your State

2016 General Election: Tuesday, November 8

Voter Registration Deadline: Monday, October 24, postmarked if by mail.

For more information, visit the Alabama Secretary of State’s website.

Election Day:

Polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. central time on Election Day. Counties in the eastern time zone will open and close at 7:00 a.m. and close at 7:00 p.m. eastern time. Chambers and Lee counties may operate on either central time or eastern time.


Alabama does not have early voting.

How to Find Your Polling Place: Visit the Alabama Secretary of State’s polling place locator web page. 


Already registered? Verify your voter registration status.

Registration Deadlines: You must register 14 days prior to the General Election. The deadline for this year’s General Election is Monday, October 24, postmarked if mailed.

How to Check Your Registration: Use Alabama’s Registrant Search website or call 866-OUR-VOTE.

Registration Eligibility: In order to be eligible to register in Alabama, you must:

  • Be a citizen of the United States;
  • Reside in Alabama;
  • Be at least 18 years old on or before Election Day;
  • Not be barred from voting due to a disqualifying felony conviction; and
  • Not have been declared mentally incompetent by a court.

There is no duration of residence requirement in Alabama; you may register the first day that you move to the state.

How to Register: Alabama residents may register in person, by mail, or online.


In order to register to vote online, you must have either an Alabama Driver’s License or a Non-Driver’s Identification Card. Applicants can apply to register on the Secretary of State’s website.

By Mail

In order to register by mail, you must obtain a mail-in registration form by:

  • Downloading a mail-in form from the Secretary of State’s website
  • Picking up a form at Probate Judge and License Commissioner offices, colleges and universities, public schools, or libraries; or
  • Requesting a form by contacting the county Board of Registrars or the Elections Division in the Secretary of State’s office (1-800-274-8683).

In Person

You may register to vote in person in any of the following ways:

  • When applying for or renewing your driver’s license or State Identification Card;
  • At state or local government offices when applying or recertifying for Aid to Dependent Children, SNAP, TANF, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services;
  • At public libraries;
  • At armed forces recruiting stations; or
  • At the Board of Registrars located at the county seat in your county of residence.

Identification Required for Registration

Voters may register by mail without identification, but they must provide a form of identification when they vote at the polls on election day. 

If You Want to Vote Early

Alabama does not have early voting, but voters who qualify for absentee voting may vote absentee in person at their local elections office (usually the Circuit Clerk). For more information on absentee voting, visit the Secretary of State’s absentee voting information page.

If You Want to Vote Absentee

A voter may cast an absentee ballot if he or she:

  • Will be absent from the county on Election Day;
  • Is ill or has a physical infirmity  that prevents a trip to the polling place;
  • Is a registered Alabama voter living outside the county;
  • Is an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than his or her regular polling place; or
  • Works a required shift of 10 hours or more that coincides with polling hours.

Business/Medical Emergency Voting: Applications can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 PM on the day before the election, if the voter:

  • Is required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be out of the county on election day for an emergency business trip, or
  • Has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician within 5 days of the election.

Rules and Deadlines:

  • An absentee ballot application must be received no later than the fifth calendar day before the election. For this election, that is November 3, 2016.
  • An absentee ballot must be postmarked or hand-delivered by no later than 5 p.m. on the day prior to Election Day. If mailed, the absentee ballot must be received by the Absentee Ballot Election Manager no later than noon on Election Day

Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot

Valid forms of ID are:

  • Valid Alabama driver's license or non-driver ID card;
  • Valid Alabama photo voter ID card;
  • Valid state-issued ID (from Alabama or another state);
  • Valid federal-issued ID;
  • Valid U.S. passport;
  • Valid employee ID from the Federal Government, State of Alabama, County, Municipality, Board or other Alabama entity;
  • Valid student or employee ID card issued by a college or university in the state, provided it includes a photo;
  • Valid student or employee ID issued by a state institution of higher learning in any other state;
  • Valid U.S. military ID card containing a photo; and
  • Valid tribal ID card containing a photo.

Without one of these forms of identification, a voter is permitted to:

  • Vote a challenged or provisional ballot, or
  • Vote, if he or she is identified as a voter on the poll list who is eligible to vote by two poll workers and both poll workers sign the voting sign-in register by the voter's name.

There are two primary exceptions to the photo identification requirement:

  • A voter who is a member of the military or who resides overseas eligible to vote by absentee ballot pursuant to the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) is not required to provide ID when voting an absentee ballot, and

A voter who is entitled to vote by absentee ballot pursuant to the Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act or any other federal law shall not be required to produce identification when voting by absentee ballot.

VoteRiders has created Alabama voter ID info cards in English and in Spanish.

Moving within the Same County

Voters should notify the Board of Registrars of any change of address.  This may be done in person at the county Board of Registrars’ office or by mail.  If the voter has not updated his/her address within the county, he/she will be able to cast a provisional ballot at the polling place associated with the new address. The provisional ballot will be counted if the county clerk can determine that you are registered to vote in the state and reside in the area covered by that polling place.

Moving Between Counties

A registered voter who has changed his or her county of residence must register to vote again in the new county of residence.  If a voter who has relocated to another county has not re-registered to vote, that voter will not be permitted to vote in the election. 

Military and other overseas citizens may use the standard procedure for absentee voting by mail, but there are also special provisions for members of the U.S. Armed Forces and merchant marine, commissioned corps of the Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, along with family members of all these groups, and other citizens who reside outside the United States (together these groups are called UOCAVA voters).

Registering and Requesting an Absentee Ballot

UOCAVA voters can use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA) to register to vote and to request an absentee ballot.  Visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program's (FVAP) Alabama-specific FPCA page.

UOCAVA voters may also register to vote and request an absentee ballot through the Alabama Military & Overseas Voting Services website or by calling 1-800-274-VOTE (8683).

Receiving an Absentee Ballot

UOCAVA voters may receive their blank absentee ballots by U.S. Mail or electronic transmission.  To request election transmission of the blank ballot, UOCAVA voters must mark the appropriate box and provide an email address on the State of Alabama “UOCAVA Application for Absentee Ballot” (available here) or on the FPCA (see Alabama-specific FPCA page). Ballots must be returned via U.S. Mail, commercial carrier, or by hand delivery.

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot

The Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (FWAB) is a back-up ballot that can be used by UOCAVA voters.  You can use this FWAB whether you are located inside or outside the United States (including APO and FPO addresses), provided that you are away from your voting residence for service-related activities.  You must apply for a regular ballot early enough for your local election officials to receive the request at least 5 days before the election.  If you do not receive your regular ballot in time, you may use the FWAB.  Your FWAB must be received by your local voting officials in Alabama no later than noon on Election Day.  For specific instructions, visit the FVAP's Alabama-specific FWAB page.

A person who has been convicted of certain felonies involving “moral turpitude,” whether in state or federal court, may register to vote and vote only if he or she obtains a pardon that specifically restores the right to vote, or if he or she is granted a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote by the Board of Pardons and Paroles. A person may apply to the Board of Pardons and Paroles for a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote if his or her conviction was for a felony other than treason, impeachment, murder, rape, or various sexual offenses; he or she has no criminal felony charges pending against him or her; he or she has paid all fines, court costs, fees, and victim restitution associated with the conviction; and he or she has completed his or her sentence, including any period of probation and parole.

If a person has been convicted of a felony that does not involve “moral turpitude,” he or she remains eligible to vote and does not need to apply for a Certificate of Eligibility to Vote or receive a pardon.  Specific crimes considered not to involve “moral turpitude” include assault, doing business without a license, violating liquor laws, aiding a prisoner to escape, possession of an illegal substance, and driving under the influence.


Top Issues to Field

For more information for voters with disabilities, find a National Disability Rights Network partner in your area.

For more information for student voters, visit the Student Voting Guide from the Brennan Center for Justice.

Information provided by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights

Voting as a Student

As a student, you have a constitutional right to register and vote in the place you truly consider to be “home” — whether that’s your parents’ house, your apartment, or your dorm room. But before you make the important decision about where to vote, make sure you know the voting rules (and sometimes consequences) of registering to vote in that state.

More Info On Student Voting

Rock the Vote Reminders

Don't miss any important deadlines.

You Rock!

We'll be in touch and see you at the polls!

OR TEXT "ROCK" TO 788683

Msg & Data Rates May Apply. Text STOP to opt out or HELP for help. Expect 1 to 2 msgs/mo. Privacy Policy

Election Information for your state