Vermont Elections

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Upcoming Elections

2016 Presidential Preference Primary: Tuesday, March 1

2016 General Election: Tuesday, November 8

For more information, visit the Vermont Secretary of State website.

Please note that the information in the sections below has not been updated, and refers to the 2015 general election.

Voting Rights


Republicans champion voter ID laws absent credible evidence of fraud
02/10/16 |
Publication Date: 
Wednesday, February 10, 2016 - 05:00

“When voter fraud occurs it should be taken very seriously … and we should have the mechanisms to make sure that it doesn’t happen,” said [Myrna Pérez, deputy director of the Voting Rights and Elections Project at the Brennan Center for Justice]. “But cases where people are in a position to exploit the system are much more common than some random person pretending to be someone else.” An analysis of election fraud by the journalism studies program News21 found that more than half of all fraud convictions between 2000 and 2012 involved either election officials, campaign workers or voting registration organizations. Just 1 in 207 fraud accusations involved voter impersonation, the only type of fraud that voter ID laws prevent. “If [voter ID advocates] were really concerned about fraud there’s a bunch of other things they could do,” Perez added “Our voting machines are vulnerable. We’re asking people to vote on machines that are the equivalent of old-school flip phones. Our registration rolls are a mess.” ...

For many of...eligible voters, getting a valid ID is not a simple process. “For one, those without a driver’s license don’t have a car,” said Kathleen Unger, president of VoteRiders, a non-profit group that helps voters obtain valid IDs. “So they’re not able to just drive down to the DMV to get a license.” And while states do offer the option of a free voter ID card Unger says, “In many cases there can be a cost associated with getting a ‘free ID’. Obtaining a copy of a birth certificate or a change of name document not only costs money but requires a trip to another agency. With these laws there are so many people who just won’t vote.”

Virginia Argues Centuries Of Racism Are ‘Not Relevant’ To Current Voter ID Law
02/10/16 |
Publication Date: 
Tuesday, February 9, 2016 - 20:00

The lawsuit begins with a lengthy account of Virginia’s “history of discrimination against racial and ethnic minorities” — from enslavement to required literacy tests to poll taxes to a historical lack of minority representation in Virginia’s government. It uses these examples to argue of “ongoing effects” of racism in the state, including the fact that black Virginians are more likely to be incarcerated than white Virginians.

Attorneys for Virginia, however, argue that the state’s history of racism has nothing to do with its current voter ID law, and that the Supreme Court is on their side. Specifically, they cited the 2013 case Shelby County v. Holder and the 1987 case McCleskey v. Kemp to argue that courts can’t “rely on non-contemporaneous history” to make decisions. 

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Voting as a Student

As a student, you have a constitutional right to register and vote in the place you truly consider to be “home” — whether that’s your parents’ house, your apartment, or your dorm room. But before you make the important decision about where to vote, make sure you know the rules (and sometimes consequences) of registering to vote in that state.

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Helpful Election Information

Upcoming Elections in Your State

2016 Presidential Preference Primary: Tuesday, March 1

2016 General Election: Tuesday, November 8

For more information, visit the Vermont Secretary of State website.

Please note that the information in the sections below has not been updated, and refers to the 2015 general election.

Polls open between 6:00 AM and 10:00 AM, depending on the town.  Check this list to find out when your polling place opens.  All polls close at 7:00 pm.

Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE.

Check the Vermont Secretary of State’s website (click “Where is my polling place?”) or call your town clerk.


Registration Deadlines

Voter registration forms, called "Applications for Addition to the Checklist", must be received by the town clerk by 5 p.m. on the Wednesday before the election.

How to Check if You Are Registered

Call 1-866-OUR-VOTE.

Look it up on the Vermont My Voter Page

Contact your town clerk.

How to Register

Register online by completing the online application.

Or, register by mail by completing an Application for Addition to the Checklist and submitting the completed application to your county or town clerk.

Registration Eligibility

In order to be eligible for registration, you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States;
  • be a resident of the state of Vermont (and a resident of the town in which you apply to be added to the checklist);
  • have taken, or have previously taken, the Voter’s Oath (a voter can administer the oath to himself and affirm as much on the registration application); and
  • be 18 years of age or more.

Identification Required for Registration

The Vermont voter registration application requires either a Vermont driver’s license number or a Vermont DMV-issued personal identification number.  If you do not have either, the form requests the last four digits of your Social Security Number.

If you are registering to vote in Vermont for the first time, you must include a photocopy of an acceptable form of identification.  Acceptable forms of identification include:

  • A valid photo identification (a driver’s license or passport);
  • A current utility bill;
  • A current bank statement; or
  • Another government document.

Anyone can request an absentee ballot, either by submitting this form or going to the town clerk's office.  The voter or an authorized person, including a candidate, campaign worker, family member or healthcare provider, may request an early absentee ballot in person, by phone, or by mail.  A “family member” refers to a spouse, children, brother, sister, parent, spouse’s parents, grandparents, and spouse’s grandparents.  Requests may be submitted on a voter’s behalf by people who do not fall into these categories—but these must be submitted either in person or by mail.

If you go to your town clerk's office, you can vote in person until 5:00 pm the day before the election.  You do not need to fill out an application for an absentee ballot to vote in person.

You can request an absentee ballot up until 5:00 PM on the day before the election but remember to leave time, if necessary, for the clerk to mail you a ballot.

If you are mailing in your ballot, it must be received by the clerk before the close of the polls on Election Day.

If you are hand delivering your ballot, you can return in to the clerk's office by closing time on Election Day, or you can bring it to your polling place on Election Day and drop it off any time before 7:00 PM.  A ballot may be hand delivered by the voter, or by anyone authorized by the voter to hand deliver the ballot.

Rules and Deadlines

A voter may vote at the Town Clerk's office in person any time thirty days before a primary or general election.

If you are sick or disabled, a ballot can be delivered to your home on Election Day. You may request an absentee ballot up until 5 p.m. on the day before the election.

Identification Requirements to Register to Vote

You will need to include your driver's license number or the last four digits of your social security number on your application.

If you are registering for the first time and mailing in your application you must include a copy of:

  • adriver's license;
  • a utility bill;
  • a paycheck;
  • a government check;
  • a bank statement; or 
  • an other document that has proof of your name and address.

Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot

No identification is required to vote unless you registered by mail and have never voted before.  Then you will need your driver's license or a utility bill, government check, or other government document with your name and address on it. 

Vermont does not have a requirement for the amount of time you must live somewhere before you are eligible to register.  You can register at your new address as soon as you move.

Contact the town clerk for your old address about getting an absentee ballot, if needed.

For information on Overseas and Military Voter Services in Vermont, you can visit this website.

Military and overseas citizens can use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA), also known as Standard Form 76, to register to vote and to request an absentee ballot.  Visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program's (FVAP) Vermont-specific FPCA page.

Military and overseas citizens can send and receive voting materials by fax and email.  If you wish to use the fax or email options, you must indicate this on your FPCA.  Instructions for doing so are found on the FVAP's Vermont-specific FPCA page.

Military and overseas citizens can use the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB) if they are concerned with receiving their printed ballot and returning it by the 7:00 p.m., Election Day deadline.  The FWAB is a blank ballot on which a voter writes-in his or her choices.  The FWAB may also be used to register to vote and to apply for the absentee ballot, all in one step.  If the FWAB is being used to register to vote, it must be received by the voter registration deadline.  For specific instructions visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program's Vermont-specific FWAB page.

You have the right to vote in the election even if you are incarcerated, on parole, or on probation.

For more information, visit the Vermont Secretary of State website, or click here to read the Vermont State Election Code.

**The materials below have not been updated since 2014**


Top Issues to Field

For more information for voters with disabilities, visit the National Disability Rights Network’s voting resource center.

For more information for student voters, visit the Vermont Student Voting Guide from the Brennan Center for Justice.

Information provided by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights