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‘Rigged’ or Not, Election Positions Trump to Shape Rules on How You Vote
12/02/16 |
Publication Date: 
Saturday, December 3, 2016 - 01:00
Excerpt: 

“The last time we had a national government that was as hostile to the protection of minority voting rights as we may have with this president was probably near the end of the first Reconstruction” after the Civil War, said Pamela S. Karlan, a Stanford University law professor, who was a deputy assistant attorney general under President Obama until 2015. ...

Several potentially decisive federal court rulings on voting rules and redistricting, most favoring voting-rights advocates, now appear bound for a Supreme Court whose ideological balance is in Mr. Trump’s hands. Enforcement of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, a linchpin of some of those cases, will fall to a Justice Department whose likely attorney general, Senator Jeff Sessions, Republican of Alabama, is viewed with deep suspicion by civil rights advocates.

One Trump adviser, Kris Kobach, the Kansas secretary of state, is among the most aggressive national crusaders for voting restrictions.

Michigan legislature debating voter ID bill
12/02/16 |
Publication Date: 
Thursday, December 1, 2016 - 16:45
Excerpt: 

Adding the new requirements would make Michigan’s voter identification rules among the strictest in the nation. Michigan would join Wisconsin, Kansas, Indiana, Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia and Virginia as the only states that require voters to both sign an affidavit at the polls and then take the second step of proving their identity later.

Thirty-four states, including Michigan, request or require voters to show identification at the polls, though several states are engaged in lawsuits with civil rights groups and the federal government challenging their rules. ...

Michigan legislators have until December 15 to pass final bills before adjourning for the year.

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New Hampshire Election Info

Upcoming Elections in Your State

2016 General Election: Tuesday, November 8

Voter Registration Deadline:  There is no deadline to register to vote.  You may register to vote at your assigned polling place on Election Day.

For more information, visit the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s website.

Election Day: Polls must open by 11:00 a.m. eastern time and must remain open until at least 7:00 p.m. eastern time.  Most polls open between 6:00 a.m. and 8:00 a.m. eastern time and close between 7:00 p.m. and 8:00 p.m. eastern time.

New Hampshire does not have early voting.  

How to Find Your Polling Place: Visit the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s polling place locator tool.

REGISTER TO VOTE HERE

Already registered? Verify your voter registration status.


Registration Deadlines: New Hampshire has same-day voter registration.  You may register to vote at your assigned polling place on Election Day.

Alternatively, you may submit a voter registration application either by mail or in person to the town or city clerk’s office in which you are domiciled up to 10 days before any election, or at any scheduled meeting, or in person at the meeting of your local community supervisors of the checklist.  Check the local newspaper(s) or call your town or city clerk’s office for the details of the meeting. 

Typically, registering on Election Day will require you to wait in two lines: one to register and one to vote.  You may save time by registering earlier.

How to Check Your Registration: Use the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s voter information look-up tool or call 866-OUR-VOTE.

Registration Eligibility: In order to be eligible to register in New Hampshire, you must:

  • Be a citizen of the United States;
  • Be domiciled in New Hampshire; and
  • Be at least 18 years of age or older on Election Day.

There is no duration of residence requirement in New Hampshire.   You may register to vote on the first day that you move to the state.  You may only register in the town or ward in which you are domiciled.

How to Register: New Hampshire voters may register either in person or by mail.  There is no online registration option.

New Hampshire prefers in-person voter registration, either at the polling place on Election Day, at the town or city clerk’s office in which you are domiciled up to 10 days before any election or at any scheduled meeting, or at the meeting of your local community supervisors of the checklist.

If you cannot register in person (because of physical disability, religious beliefs, military service, or temporary absence), you may register to vote by mail.  Call your town or city clerk and ask for them to send you a mail-in voter registration form and an absentee voter registration affidavit (an affidavit is a legal document that states that you are registering by mail because you cannot register in person).

Complete both the voter registration form and the affidavit in front of a notary, have the affidavit notarized, and then mail both the affidavit and the voter registration back to your town or city clerk.

Identification Required for Registration: To register to vote in New Hampshire, you will be required to show proof of age, United States citizenship, and domicile. 

You are domiciled in the place in which you sleep most nights of the year, or the place where you intend to return after a temporary absence.  Examples of a temporary absence are:

  • Military and overseas voters;
  • Residences of nursing, convalescent, hospital, or long-term care facilities;
  • Teachers or students;
  • Voters without a permanent home;
  • Incarcerated persons;
  • Persons without a new domicile;
  • Persons navigating waters; and
  • Persons who have not gained another domicile elsewhere in the United States.

Examples of documents that establish domicile are a driver’s license, a utility bill, or other mailed correspondence.  Examples of documents that establish citizenship are a United States birth certificate, a United States passport, or naturalization papers if you were not born in the United States.  Examples of acceptable proof of age include a driver’s license, a passport, or a birth certificate. You may also establish your age, citizenship, and domicile by signing an affidavit, which is a legal document stating that you meet the requirements to vote in New Hampshire.

If you are registering by mail, be sure to contact your town or city clerk’s office for more information on how to meet the registration identification requirements.

For more information, visit the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s “How to Register to Vote in New Hampshire” page.

If You Want to Vote Early

New Hampshire does not have early voting.  If you are unable to vote on Election Day, you should request an absentee ballot. 

If You Want to Vote Absentee

You may vote absentee in New Hampshire if you:

  • Will be absent from your place of domicile on Election Day;
  • Cannot appear in public on Election Day because of observance of a religious commitment;
  • Cannot vote in person due to a disability; or
  • Cannot vote in person because of an employment obligation that requires you to remain physically at work or to be in transit to or from work from the time the polls open until after the time the polls close.

Absentee ballots are available approximately 30 days prior to an election.  Applications for absentee ballots may be mailed, faxed, or hand delivered to your local city or town clerk.  To download an absentee ballot application, visit the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s election forms page.  The request must be received by 5:00pm on Monday, November 7, 2016.

Your absentee ballot must be received at your local town or city clerk’s office via either U.S. mail or commercial carrier by 5:00 p.m. eastern time on Election Day.  For this year’s General Election, that is Tuesday, November 8, 2016.

Military and other overseas United States citizens who will be 18 years of age or older on Election Day and are domiciled in New Hampshire may use the standard procedure of absentee registration and voting by mail, but there are also special provisions for members of the U.S. Armed Forces and merchant marine, commissioned corps of the Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, along with family members of all these groups, and other citizens who reside outside the United States (together, these groups are called UOCAVA voters).  More information on UOCAVA voters can be found below.

Identification Requirements to Cast a Ballot

Valid forms of identification are:

  • A driver’s license issued by any state or the federal government;
  • A New Hampshire non-driver identification card or a non-driver identification card issued by the motor vehicles division, department, agency, or office of any other state;
  • A United States armed forces identification card;
  • A United States passport or passcard;
  • A valid student identification if the card is issued by:
    • A college, university, or career school in New Hampshire and approved to operate or licensed to operate in New Hampshire;
    • A public high school in New Hampshire;
    • A non-public high school in New Hampshire that is accredited by a private school accrediting agency that is recognized by the New Hampshire Department of Education;
    • Dartmouth College; or
    • A college or university operated by the university system of New Hampshire or the community college system of New Hampshire.

The photo identification also typically must have an expiration date that is not more than five years old. However, you may use an older identification card if you are 65 years of age or older.  Additionally, student identification cards do not need to have a date of expiration or issuance until September 1, 2018. 

In other words, you do not need to have such a date on your student identification to use it at the polls in the 2016 election.

The name on the identification shall substantially conform to the name on the voting checklist.

A voter who does not have an approved photo identification may obtain a free photo identification for voting purposes by presenting a voucher from their town or city clerk or the New Hampshire Secretary of State to any New Hampshire Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) office that issues identification.

Without one of these forms of identification, you may:

  • Vote with a challenged voter affidavit.  If you execute a challenged voter affidavit, you will be photographed (if you object to being photographed due to your religious beliefs, you will have to execute an additional affidavit of religious exemption); or
  • Vote, if you provide a photo identification other than those listed above that is determined to be legitimate by the supervisors of the checklist, the moderator, or the clerk of a town, ward, or city, assuming that no one authorized to do so challenges the use of such identification (if so, you will have to execute a challenged voter affidavit); or
  • Vote, if the supervisors of the checklist, the moderator, or the clerk of a town, ward, or city (not a ballot clerk) verifies your identity, assuming that no one authorized to do so challenges the use of such identification (if so, you will have to execute a challenged voter affidavit).

If you filled out a challenged voter affidavit in order to vote on Election Day, you will receive a verification letter from the New Hampshire Secretary of State requesting confirmation that you voted in the election.  If you do not respond in writing within 90 days of the date it was mailed, the New Hampshire Attorney General will conduct an investigation to determine whether fraudulent voting occurred.

If you are registering to vote by absentee, be sure to contact your town or city clerk’s office for more information.

VoteRiders has created New Hampshire voter ID info cards in English and in Spanish.

Moving within the Same Precinct

If you are a registered New Hampshire voter and have moved within the town or ward in which you are registered and have not informed the supervisors of the checklist, you may vote by going to your assigned polling place and informing the ballot clerk of your new address.

You may change your address within the same town or city with the town or city clerk where you are domiciled up to 10 days before an election or at any scheduled meeting of the supervisors of the checklist. 

If you do not update your address within 10 days prior to Election Day, you will have to wait to change your address at the polls. 

Moving Outside the Same Precinct

If you are a registered New Hampshire voter but move outside of the town or ward where you are registered, you have to re-register in the new town or ward in which you wish to vote.  If you do not re-register within 10 days prior to Election Day, you will have to wait to re-register on Election Day.  Go to your new polling place to re-register.

If the election official receiving the application confirms through the centralized voter registration database that you are currently registered to vote in New Hampshire, but simply need to re-register in your new hometown, you will have to provide proof of identity and domicile, but you will not be required to prove your age or citizenship.

Military and other overseas United States citizens that are domiciled in New Hampshire may use the standard procedure of absentee registration and voting by mail.

However, members of the U.S. Armed Forces and merchant marine, commissioned corps of the Public Health Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), along with family members of all these groups, and other citizens who reside outside the United States (together, members of these groups are called UOCAVA voters), may also use the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA), also known as Standard Form 76, to register to vote and to request an absentee ballot.  For more information, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program’s (FVAP) New Hampshire-specific FPCA page.

Additionally, if you are in the military, you do not have to re-register simply because you have moved, even if you have moved outside of New Hampshire or overseas.  Rather, you can maintain your domicile at your “home of record,” which is the address you had upon entry into the service, so long as you do not register to vote elsewhere.

Registering and Requesting an Absentee Ballot

UOCAVA voters can use the FPCA to register to vote and to request an absentee ballot. 

UOCAVA voters may receive a FPCA by mail, e-mail, or fax from their local city or town clerk, or they may go to the FVAP’s New Hampshire-specific FPCA page to print an FPCA. 

Your request for your absentee ballot must be received by your city or town clerk’s office by the day before Election Day.  For this year’s General Election, that is Monday, November 7, 2016.

For more information, visit the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s UOCAVA “frequently asked questions” page or FVAP’s New Hampshire-specific FPCA page.

Receiving an Absentee Ballot

UOCAVA voters will receive their blank absentee ballots by U.S. mail or electronically.

The ballot must be returned via U.S. mail or commercial carrier by 5:00 p.m. eastern time on Election Day.  For this year’s General Election, that is Tuesday, November 8, 2016.  The ballot will not be counted if it is transmitted electronically.  The ballot must be sent to the local town or clerk’s office where the UOCAVA voter is registered to vote. 

For more information, visit the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s UOCAVA “frequently asked questions” page or FVAP’s New Hampshire-specific FPCA page

Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot

The Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (FWAB) is a back-up ballot that can be used by UOCAVA voters. 

The FWAB may only be used to vote for federal offices. 

You may use the FWAB regardless or whether you are located domestically or outside the United States, (including APO and FPO addresses), provided that you are away from your voting residence for service-related activities. 

If you have already requested a FPCA, the FWAB will be treated as a ballot.  However, the registration information that comes with the FWAB can be treated to complete a voter registration as well, if there is a prior signature on a voter registration document from the voter on file.  If there is no voter signature on a prior voter registration application on file, the FWAB cannot be counted as a ballot, even if the voter registration material with the FWAB is completed.

Your FWAB must be received through either U.S. mail or commercial carrier by 5:00 p.m. eastern time on Election Day.  For this year’s General Election, that is Tuesday, November 8, 2016.  The ballot will not be counted if it is transmitted electronically.  The ballot must be sent to your local town or clerk’s office.

For more information, visit the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s UOCAVA “frequently asked questions” page or FVAP’s New Hampshire-specific FWAB page.

A person sentenced for a felony may not vote from the time of sentencing until the sentence’s final discharge, unless the execution of sentence is suspended (with or without probation) or the person is paroled. New Hampshire automatically restores voting rights to persons with felony convictions upon release from prison, including during parole or probation.  You will, however, have to re-register to vote.

FAQ

Top Issues to Field

For more information for voters with disabilities, find a National Disability Rights Network partner in your area.

For more information for student voters, visit the Student Voting Guide from the Brennan Center for Justice.

Information provided by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights

Voting as a Student

As a student, you have a constitutional right to register and vote in the place you truly consider to be “home” — whether that’s your parents’ house, your apartment, or your dorm room. But before you make the important decision about where to vote, make sure you know the voting rules (and sometimes consequences) of registering to vote in that state.

More Info On Student Voting

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2016 Election Information for your state